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海洋生态系统修复研究进展
王丽荣,于红兵,李翠田,孙妮
0
(中国科学院南海海洋研究所海洋环境工程中心,广东 广州 510301)
摘要:
海洋生态系统是最具价值的人类资源之一,为沿海更多人们所依赖,尤其是具有极高生物多样性和生产力、为海洋生物提供产卵和养育的场所、保护海岸以防受到海浪和飓风侵蚀的红树林生态系统、珊瑚礁生态系统和海草床生态系统.但由于近年来经济的发展和人类活动的影响,这些生态系统都遭受到不同程度的退化,因此海洋生态系统的修复非常必要.回顾了红树林、珊瑚礁和海草床这3种典型且脆弱海洋生态系统的特点,生态修复的研究内容、方法及存在的问题,并在此基础上提出三者可通用的且更为系统的海洋生态系统修复模式和措施,未来能将三者的修复进行综合考虑,以为其他类似的海洋生态系统的修复提供借鉴.
关键词:  海洋生物学; 海洋生态系统  生态修复  红树林  珊瑚礁  海草床
DOI:10.3969/J.ISSN.2095-4972.2018.03.017
基金项目:国家重大科学研究计划资助项目(2013CB956102);国家自然科学基金资助项目(41776128)
Progress in marine ecosystem restoration
WANG Li-rong,YU Hong-bing,LI Cui-tian,SUN Ni
(Marine Environment Engineering Center, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, CAS, Guangzhou 510301)
Abstract:
Marine ecosystem is one of the most valuable resources and relied by more and more coastal residents. Mangrove, coral reef and seagrass bed, in particularly, have high biodiversity and productivity, provide places for spawning and breeding and protect coast from wind and wave erosion. Along with economic development and human being’s activity, these marine ecosystems have been destroyed and then the restoration is needed. In this paper, the characteristics of the 3 marine ecosystems are introduced. Eco-restoration contents, methods and problems of these 3 typical and fragile ecosystems are also reviewed. At last, an universal restoration model and measures are proposed and summarized. The restoration should be considered consistently in the future. This method can be used as reference for the restoration of similar marine ecosystems in other areas.
Key words:  marine biology  marine ecosystem  ecological restoration  mangrove  coral reef  seagrass bed

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