引用本文:[点击复制]
[点击复制]
【打印本页】 【在线阅读全文】【下载PDF全文】 查看/发表评论下载PDF阅读器关闭

←前一篇|后一篇→

过刊浏览    高级检索

本文已被:浏览 22261次   下载 7280 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
中国近海大黄鱼和日本带鱼群体数量变动及其资源保护措施探讨
张其永,洪万树,陈仕玺
0
(大黄鱼育种国家重点实验室,福建 宁德,352103; 厦门大学海洋与地球学院,福建 厦门, 361005)
摘要:
作者根据长期调查研究,分析了大黄鱼(Larimichthys crocea)和日本带鱼(Trichiurus japonicus)群体数量变动的因果关系,并提出了加强我国海洋渔业资源科学监管的建议:(1)正确划分大黄鱼和带鱼地理种群及其产卵群体,为资源繁殖保护提供参考依据;(2)修订若干《渔业法》条款,重新审定《官井洋大黄鱼繁殖保护区管理规定》;(3)充分合理开发利用闽东渔场近海岛屿周边海域,并且采用抗风浪升降式圆柱形深水养殖网箱养殖大黄鱼;建立内湾性官井洋大黄鱼海洋牧场渔业基地,并新建中国著名舟山渔场大黄鱼繁殖保护区;(4)继续加强大黄鱼原种场建设,大力开展大黄鱼良种选育研究,每年提供大批量野生大黄鱼人工培育的原种子一代幼鱼进行增殖放流;(5)巩固和扩大伏季休渔效果,全年禁止违法而严重损害带鱼幼鱼资源的各种张网作业;(6)以法治渔,加快制定符合于我国实情的海洋渔业科学监管的有效措施.
关键词:  海洋生物学  大黄鱼和日本带鱼  鱼类群体数量变动  渔业资源保护  增殖放流
DOI:10.3969/J.ISSN.2095-4972.2017.03.018
基金项目:福建省科技重大专项专题资助项目(2016NZ0001-4)
Stock changes and resource protection of the large yellow croaker (Larimichthys crocea) and ribbon fish (Trichiurus Japonicus) in coastal waters of China
ZHANG Qi-yong,HONG Wan-shu,CHEN Shi-xi
(State Key Laboratory of Large Yellow Croaker Breeding, Ningde 352103, China; College of Ocean and Earth Sciences, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China)
Abstract:
Based on long-term investigation, the authors analyzed the reasons of the stock changes and resource protection of the large yellow croaker (Larimichthys crocea) and ribbon fish (Trichiurus japonicus) and put forward the suggestions for the intensively scientific management of the marine fisheries resources in China: (1) Corrective identification of the geological populations and spawning stocks of the large yellow croaker and ribbon fish to provide evidence for resource protection; (2) Amendment of some provisions of “Fisheries Act” and regulations of reproductive protection area of the large yellow croaker; (3) Exploitation of the surrounding waters of the offshore islands in the Mindong fisheries ground; setting-up of the modern, anti-wave, lift-drop and cylindrical deep water net cages for the large yellow croaker culture; marine farming fisheries base construction in the inner bay Guangjingyang and the establishment of reproductive protection area in Zhoushan for the large yellow croaker; (4) Continuous original stock base construction and breeding of the large yellow croaker, and annual restocking of a large number of artificial fry from the original stock; (5) Consolidation and expansion of summer fishing moratorium achievements, all-year prohibition of stow net fishing that severely destroys the young of the ribbon fish; (6) Establishment of effective marine fisheries management in line with the realistic conditions of China.
Key words:  marine biology  Larimichthys crocea and Trichiurus japonicus  fish stock dynamic  fishery resource protection  restocking and ranching

用微信扫一扫

用微信扫一扫