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复州湾表层沉积硅藻的组合特征
黎伟麒,方晶,潘隆,王福,马宏伟,胡克,王中良
0
(天津师范大学城市与环境科学学院,天津 300378;中国地质调查局天津地调中心,天津 300170;中国地质调查局沈阳地质调查中心,辽宁 沈阳 110034;中国地质大学(北京)海洋学院,北京 100183;天津师范大学水资源与水环境重点实验室,天津 300387)
摘要:
通过对复州湾内湾附近8个不同深度的海底表层沉积物做硅藻分析、种群优势度进行计算,查明复州湾表层沉积硅藻的优势种主要包括Paralia sulcataCoscinodiscus radiatusC. excentrcusRhaphoneis surirella等9种.且优势度最高的3种硅藻P. sulcataC. radiatusC. excentrcus 均为内湾指标种,与样品采集点的地貌位置相吻合.根据硅藻咸水种、半咸水种、淡水种占比的水平分布特征,对不同样品的硅藻组合、所处地貌位置与样品粒度的关系以及硅藻鉴定结果的聚类分析等进行了探讨.初步判明复州湾表层硅藻的组合主要受到夏季辽东湾向西南方向流动的沿岸流以及复州河与红沿河的河流的影响,另外不同的地貌部位和距离河口的远近也对硅藻组合产生较为明显的影响.
关键词:  海洋生物学  硅藻分析  内湾  河口  沿岸流  复州湾
DOI:10.3969/J.ISSN.2095-4972.2017.02.004
基金项目:天津师范大学博士基金资助项目(52XB1207);天津市水资源与水环境重点实验室开放基金资助项目(52XS1204);天津市高等学校“创新团队培养计划”资助项目(TD12-5037)
Characteristics of diatom assemblages in surface sediments of Fuzhou Bay
LI Wei-qi,FANG Jing,PAN Long,WANG Fu,MA Hong-wei,HU Ke,WANG Zhong-liang
(College of Urban and Environmental Science, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387, China;Tianjin Centre,China Geological Survey, Tianjin 300170, China;Shenyang Centre, China Geological Survey, Shenyang 300170, China;School of Marine Sciences, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China;Key Laboratory of Water Resources and Environment, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387, China)
Abstract:
Results of diatom analyzing and dominance calculating on 8 sediment samples of different depths indicates that dominant species are Paralia sulcateCoscinodiscus radiatesC. excentrcusRhaphoneis surirella and 6 other species. P. sulcataC. radiates and C. excentrcus are the highest dominant species as inner bay indicators fitting well to the environment of sampling sites. The relations of diatom assemblages and its locational landform to the sediment particle sizes were analyzed with clustering according to the species composition of marine, brackish water and freshwater distributed horizontally. Preliminary findings show that the diatom assemblages are affected by currents of Fuzhou River and Hongyan River and the alongshore SE current in Liaodong Bay in addition to the locational landform and distance from the estuarine.
Key words:  marine biology  diatom analyze  inner bay  estuarine  alongshore current  Fuzhou Bay

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